To every beloved father,
Happy Father's Day!
"... parents may simultaneosly use various strategies to respond to youth's distress, empirical examination of potential patterns of parents' reactions to adolescents' distress and how various patterns of responses are assoicated with adolescents' ER (i.e. emotion regulation, the ability to monitor, evaluate, and modify emotional reactions) may provide nuanced understanding of the emotion socialization processes" (Wang et al, 2019, p. 33).
Parents play an important and unique role in children's life. Their ways to treat their kids and/or to respond to their emotional needs.
According to Wang et al (2019), a young person with negative emotion expression who has received parents' support may more likely deliver positive behaviour compared to the one received less/no support from his/her parents (p. 36). As Wang et al (2019) mention, "parental nonsupportiveness is viewed as detrimental to children's emotional functioning" (p. 36).
"Open expressions of emotion are highly acceptable in Western cultures whereas suppression/inhibition of emotion expression for the sake of maintaining harmony is attached greater values in Chinese culture. Therefore, parental expressive encouragement may be less adaptive whereas minimization reactions may be considered as more acceptable strategies to soothe children's negative emotions in Chinese culture" (as cited in Wang et al, 2019, p. 34).
Here comes the questions: Then how is father different from mother? What does a father play in this parent-child relationship?
According to Wang et al (2019), "about 1/3 (34.1%) of fathers were identified as having a supportive style. They exhibited the highest warmth/responsiveness and expressive encouragement and the lowest punitive responses while their minimization reactions were moderate. Their greater tendency to encourage youth's emotion expression was inconsistent with our hypothesis that supportive fathers were expected to show low-to-moderate levels of expressive encouragement" (p. 36).
Who is a FATHER?
A father can be both Minotaur and deliverer; a father is the protector and the instigator.
As cited in Keulks, 2003, p. 201
Wang, M., Liang, Y., Zhou, N., & Zou, H. (2019) Chinese fathers' emotion socialization profiles and adolescents' emotion regulation. Personality and Individual Differences, 137, p. 33-38.
Keulks, G. (2003). The Amises on Love, Death, and Children. The Letters of Kinsley Amis and Experience: A Memoir. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press. p. 199 - 226.
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